The history of Physics brings with it the history of great names in Science who dedicated themselves to the construction of scientific knowledge.
The root of the term science comes from the Latin word scientia, which means erudition, knowledge developed about something. Science should not be interpreted as a technique developed by man, but rather as a deep theoretical knowledge about a given phenomenon arising from experiments and mathematical language .
Evolution of Physics
Through Aristotle and many other philosophers , countless phenomena were explained and shown to the world. Even if the explanations given by philosophers seem absurd to us today, we need to understand that science works with the truth established at the moment. For the reality of those men, to say, for example, that heavier objects hit the ground before lighter objects when thrown from the same height was the absolute truth.
Development of Physics from the 16th century
Johannes Kepler is another great name in Physics. The German astronomer, contemporary of Galileo, based on astronomical data obtained after years of observations, described in an unprecedented way the movement of the planets around the Sun. Kepler ‘srevolutionized astronomy and man’s way of understanding the universe .
Another extremely important character in the history of Physics is Isaac Newton , who developed the so-called Laws of Newton , the basis of Mechanics . Newton developed tools for integral and differential calculus, in addition to enhancing equipment such as telescopes and telescopes .
In the 18th century, studies in Thermodynamics were crucial for the Industrial Revolution . Thermodynamics proposes the study of the operation and efficiency of thermal machines .
Age of Electromagnetism
It was in the 19th century that Physics turned to the understanding and consequent development of technologies based on electrical and magnetic phenomena . At this time, the contributions of Michael Faraday , Nikola Tesla and James Maxwell stood out .
One of the biggest names in 20th century science is undoubtedly Albert Einstein. The theory of relativity and the explanation of the photoelectric effect are the greatest contributions of this German physicist, who also marked history through his examples of humanity.
Currently, the main studies of Physics work with extremely complex subjects, generally involving Quantum Mechanics and the attempt of a more perfect understanding of the formation of the universe.
There are many other characters that somehow generated profound changes in the History of Science and in the History of Physics. Further down you will find more specific texts about the trajectory and main contributions of the Great Names of Physics. Good studies!