Laboratory Big Bang

Scientists from several countries have created the largest particle accelerator in the world, called the LHC.

Much has already been done in an attempt to explain how the Universe originated. Theories were created and others fell apart. With the evolution of science, new theories and new technologies have emerged that increasingly seek to unravel this intriguing mystery.

Scientists from more than fifty countries, including Brazil, created the largest particle accelerator in the world, called the LHC (Large Handron Collider). Located between France and Switzerland, it is a kind of ring road for protons, particles that make up the atom and that characterize the elements existing in the universe. Inside it contains very powerful superconducting magnets that will cause the particle beams to be accelerated up to 99.99% of the speed of light. The idea is to make the beams travel in different directions, causing them to collide at maximum speed. Scientists hope, with this collision, to simulate the Big Bang, and believe that it could give rise to the elementary particles that created the Universe.

On September 10, 2008 the LHC was activated. With a cost of more than 3 billion euros, the LHC will delve deeply into the composition of matter in search of the answers that are missing to explain the emergence of the Universe. This gigantic project hopes to simulate the Big Bang, but without destroying the world, contrary to what many think. When the first collisions between the protons begin, the frantic search for a particle that scientists believe to be the one that gave rise to the entire Universe will begin. This particle is called a Higgs boson. This particle accelerator has a power that until then had not been seen, for this reason it is so much believed that this particle can be found and the mysteries unraveled.

Brazil plays an essential role in this gigantic experiment. A group of scientists led by Sérgio Novaes collaborated in the research and execution of this gigantic experiment. They collaborated, for example, in filtering data and computation and in calorimetry studies, in addition to helping to build circuits to record the collisions between protons, shocks that will give rise to the Big Bang. Cooperativeness and collaboration in this experiment are perhaps the main points, together with the money, that made it possible to carry out such a large project, as no country would be willing to spend alone such an exorbitant amount as was spent in carrying out this experiment. .

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