Wire placed in a magnetic field: a force of magnetic characteristic acts on it.
In a straight conductor carried by an electric current of intensity i , each of the charges, which move with a speed v, is subject to the action of a magnetic force whose intensity is F and is given by the equation:
Where is the angle formed between the speed of the charge and the magnetic field.
For a straight conductor of length l, traversed by a current i, we have:
l = v.Δt and i = q/Δt l = vq/i qv = li
l – length of the wire; v – load speed; q – electrical charge; Δt – time variation; B – magnetic field; i – electric current.
Substituting qv = li into the equation F = │q│.vBsenӨ, we have: