NASA is an American space agency responsible for the development of aeronautical technologies and space exploration.
NASA ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration ) is the American agency responsible for the development of aeronautical technologies and space exploration. Created in 1958, NASA replaced NACA ( National Advisory Committee Aeronautics ), a former space agency that developed the function of space investigations.
Historical context of creation of NASA
NASA emerged in the middle of the Cold War , in the context of the space race between the United States of America (USA) and the Soviet Union (USSR) . In 1957, the USSR launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, and Sputnik 2 , in which the dog Laika was sent as the first living being to go into space. The US response was the creation of NASA and the development of ambitious space missions and programs.
Some NASA space programs and missions
- Mercury Program
The Mercury program was started by NASA in 1958 and aimed to launch a man into space and discover the effects generated by space on the human body. In May 1961, astronaut Alan Shepard went into space piloting the Freedom 7 spacecraft.
The Apollo program was intended to put man on the moon . Until Apollo 6, the missions were unmanned, and from the Apollo 7 mission, manned missions began. In July 1969, Apollo 11 landed on lunar soil . Through the Apollo 12 program, people were brought to the surface of the Moon, and Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon.
- Skylab Station
Launched into space in 1973, the station for the development of space research worked until 1979, when it returned to the Earth’s atmosphere and was destroyed.
- International Space Station – ISS
The International Space Station is an international space research facility that orbits the Earth and performs around 15 orbits around our planet daily.
- Voyager Program
The Voyager program has launched two space probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, with the intention of exploring planets such as Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. Launched in 1975, the probes carry bronze and gold-plated CDS that contain sounds, images and videos of Earth.
- Hubble Space Telescope
Launched in 1990, the Hubble telescope is one of the largest telescopes launched into space. His images made him a fundamental tool for studies of the universe.
- Mars Exploration Rovers
Sending unmanned vehicles to explore the planet Mars. The Spirit and Opportunity vehicles were launched in the year 2010. Of the two vehicles, only Opportunity continues to send information to Earth. One of the most significant results of the exploration of the red planet was the discovery of the presence of water.
- Kepler mission
The Kepler Mission began in May 2014 and aims to explore the universe. NASA launched the Kepler probe into space with the main purpose of discovering Earth-like planets.