Weights and measures [A]
Acre: agrarian and surface measure = 4,840 yards² = 160 estadales² (pole); surface = 0.4047 ha = 4,047 m²
Act: Ancient longitudinal measure of the Roman empire = 120 feet.
Adarme: Old Spanish ponderal = 1.800507125 grams = 3 tomines = 36 grains = 9 carats.
Almud: Ancient Arabic measure of capacity and area.
In Argentina (Mendoza) = 9,308 liters.
In Argentina (San Miguel de Tucumán) = 31,352 liters.
In Spain, for grains, hazelnuts, chestnuts, etc., it was equivalent in some parts to 1 bushel and in others to ½ fanega.
In Venezuela (aggregates) = 4,694 liters.
Alquez: Capacity measure for wine. In Zaragoza = 118.92 litres.
Ampere (A): SI fundamental unit The ampere is the constant current that, if maintained in two parallel rectilinear conductors, of infinite length, negligible circular cross-section and separated by a distance of one meter in a vacuum, produces between these conductors a force equal to 0.0000002 newtons per meter of length.
Ana: Measurement of length used in various European countries. It was introduced to Spain via Belgium, registered for this reason, the same equivalence = 0.6950 m. In Germany (Berlin) = 0.6670 m; in Austria = 0.7792 m; in Baden = 0.500 m; in Bavaria = 0.8330 m; in Bern (Switzerland) = 0.5420 m; in Cuba = 1.1666 m; in Denmark = 0.6277 m; in France = 1,188 m; in England (for fabrics) = 0.3810 m; in Sweden = 0.5938 m and in Switzerland = 1.20 m (anne).
Amphora: Old capacity vessel for liquids. That is preserved in museums as a historical object = 8 congios. In ancient Greece (Attic amphora) = 39.81 liters and in ancient Rome = 25.895 liters.
Lunar year: It consists of 12 lunations when it is common and 13 if it is embolismal. It has 354 days, 8 hours, 48 minutes and 34 seconds. It is typical of the Arabs and also of other Eastern peoples.
Tropic Year: Time elapsed between two consecutive passages of the Sun. The equinox, or also between two consecutive passages through a tropic or solstice = 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.98 seconds.
Apatán: Philippine measure of capacity for aggregates = 0.09375 liters.
Ara: surface measurement = 10 m per side.
Aranzada: Spanish surface measure = 4,471.923 m²
In Seville = 4,758.8 m²
In Cuba = 4,472 m²
Area: agrarian and surface measure = 1 Dm² = 100 m². The multiples of this unit are: decarea = 1,000 m² and ha = 1 hm². The only submultiple is the centiare. In the Netherlands = 1 vierkante roede and in the USA = 119.6 yards² = 3.954 rods²
Arelde: Spanish weight = 64 ounces = 1,840 kg.
Argenso: Spanish weight, in Catalonia = 36 grains.
Armiña: Spanish measure of capacity for liquids, in Tarragona = 34.66 litres.
At sign : Weight for oils, aggregates, wines and liquids.
In Argentina = 25 pounds = 11,485 kg.
In Spain = 25 pounds of 16 ounces each = 1 pitcher = 8 azumbres = 32 quarts 128 glasses = 16,128 liters = 11,502 kg.
According to Arabic etymology, “ar-rob” means ¼ part of a quintal.
As: Ancient Roman weight, registers two varieties: the original = 272 grams and the derivative of the Greek pound, which is = 324.4 g.
Asanka: This measure is considered one of the largest units, it is = 10 followed by 45 zeros. It was created by the Buddhists in order to carry out astronomical measurements.
Azumbre: Spanish measure of capacity for liquids.
In Ecuador = 2.1715 liters.
In Spain = 4 quarts = 2.01664 litres.
In Panama and Colombia = 2.0171 liters.
In Peru = 2.01 liters.
In Venezuela = 2.1798 liters.
Formerly, 1 azumbre was equivalent to ⅛ of an arroba.
Aggregates: Grains, legumes and other dry fruits to which capacity measures are applied.
Ponderal: Of or relating to weight.