Weights and measures [P]
Paca (bundle): In Cuba, cotton = 2 yards long by 1.25 wide and ¾ high. For hay, from 30 to 40 kg for girls and from 60 to 101 kg for large ones.
In Puerto Rico, cotton = 120 lbs.
Palestra: Ancient Greek measure of length = 0.077 m, in Asian Greece = 2 knuckles = 0.043 m.
Span: Old linear measure equivalent to the distance from the tip of the thumb (open and extended hand) to the end of the little finger, which is equal to a fourth.
Panilla: Spanish measure of capacity for oil. In Castilla, Alava and Vizcaya = 0.131 litres, in Coruña = 0.12431 litres.
Penny weight: English weight for precious metals and jewels = 24 grains.
Peonada: Spanish measure of surface and work, equivalent to the task performed by a laborer in a day’s work. The name of this unit of farmers who reciprocally went to work on the farms of others.
Perch: Measurement of length and land.
In Cuba = 5.50 yards = 5.029 m.
In Spain = 22 feet = 7,146 m.
Pole: Italian measure of length = 10 feet = 2.9663180 m.
Heavy: Argentine unit of weight, for salted hides, of 60 pounds = 27 kg and, for dry hides of 35 pounds = 16.1 kg.
Pescadera: Spanish weight. In Navarra = 558 g.
Piastra: Philippine weight = 28,750 g.
Peak: Unit of length and weight. In the Philippines = 63.262 kg = 137.5 Spanish pounds.
Picotín: Spanish, agrarian and capacity measure = ¼ of a quarter = 31 gray hairs² and 41 spans² = 0.596 a.
Capacity for aggregates: in Barcelona = 1.4483 litres; in Gerona = 1.5066 liters and in Lleida = 0.7642 litres.
Foot: Measurement of length, ancient and widely used.
In Argentina = 12 inches = 30.48 cm.
In Spain = 12 inches = 27.8635 cm.
Standing among the ancients:
Rome = 0.2964 m.
Geometric = 0.277 m.
Olympic = 0.309 m.
Picol (pikol): Philippine weight = 63.002 kg.
Pinta: Spanish measure of capacity for wines and spirits. In Navarra = 0.735625 litres.
Pipe: Measure of capacity for liquids.
In Argentina = 456,026 liters.
In Cuba = 450 liters.
In Spain = 4,771 hectoliters.
In Uruguay = 455,424 liters.
Plethrus (Plethron): Old measure of length used in Asiatic Greece = 100 Greek feet = ⅙ stadia = 30.864 m.
Sheet: Paper quantity unit. 5 sheets = 1 booklet, 5 booklets = 1 hand, 20 hands = 1 ream, 10 reams = 1 bale.
Water pen: Spanish plumbing unit, also exported to the island of Cuba (Havana). It has served to distribute and gauge the waters. The supply of water for 24 hours depended on the diameter of the tube, that is, it could be 1,100 m³, 2,000 m³ or more.
Poncelet: Practical unit of work = 0.24 kcal = 0.98 kW h = 1.315 HP = 1.333 CV .
Porca: Spanish agrarian unit. In Lleida = 4.3580 a; in Seo de Urgel = 1.855852 yrs, and in Tarragona = 3.6504 yrs.
Porrón: Spanish measure of capacity for liquids. In Barcelona = 0.95 litre.
In Argentina there is also the porrón; It is a clay vessel of approximately 1 and 2 liters, similar to the Asturian “pixuela”, except that it is made with black clay, considering that it keeps the liquids fresher.
Pote de monte: Spanish measure of capacity for liquids. In Ourense = 18.24 litres.
Pound (pound): Unit of weight of the Anglo-Saxon system = 16 ounces = 453.5924 g.
In the US = 453.64 g.
Inch: Measurement of length.
In Argentina = 2.54 cm (formerly = 0.24 m).
In Spain = 1/12 foot = 23.21958384 mm.
English inch = 2.539954 cm.
Plumbing inch: In Spain = to the provision of 26 curtillos of water per minute.
Point: Old Spanish measure equivalent to 1/12 of a line = 0.1612471 mm.
In Navarra = 0.151377 mm.
Cobbler point: Unit used in the manufacture and sale of footwear, to measure the interior length of the pieces that make up each pair. It is the distance between two consecutive lines of the bevel of the shoes and is equal to ⅔ part of a centimeter.
Pyr: Photometric unit of light intensity sanctioned in 1889 and established in 1909 = 1/20 violle. The total flux produced by 1 pyr is = 12.56 lumen. This unit was later replaced by the candle.